Posts Tagged ‘email marketing’

Mar 29

email tagging google analyticsNo matter what the latest marketing channel or marketing buzzword is, email marketing is here to stay and you’d better be paying close attention to it. We’ve covered some basic email marketing strategies in the following parts:part 1, part 2 and part 3. But once you’ve got a solid email marketing program, you’ve gotta be measuring how it did! This post is about email marketing analytics, and in line with our “user-centric” approach to measurement, I’ll share tips with you on how to report not only on traditional email metrics, but also how to see a 360 view of your customers and prospects.

The beauty of the user-centric approach is that your data will be specific to your customer base. You’re not just looking at “open rates” or “click-through rates” in just email marketing, but you’re measuring the entire user experience. This way, you can better decide what works and what doesn’t work based on the interaction with the user. Tracking helps you to constantly improve your email, web and mobile content and approach based on your customer’s overall behavior.


First let’s cover the basics. Most email marketing platforms, such as Exact Target, Responsys, iContact, MailChimp, Constant Contact, VerticalResponse, etc. all have integrated tracking. In fact, you don’t even need to set anything up – they’ll have a report ready for you as soon as the email campaign has been sent. In the report, you get pretty decent metrics.
Here is a sample of what you would see from an email-marketing provider:

icontact metrics

  • Open Rate – the number of people who opened your email as well as the total number of times your email was opened.
    • Action: If you have a low open rate, let creative juices flow and come up with more compelling subject lines. Test sending at different times of the day, different days of the week, etc.
  • Click Rate – the number of people who clicked a link in your email as well as the total number of times links were clicked in your email.
    • Action: More than likely, the purpose of your email is to get the reader to take action. More often than not, that’s to click on something and go somewhere on your website. If this metric is low, maybe the quality of your content is not where it needs to be. Maybe the offer is not that compelling. Also, make sure your links and “Calls-to-Actions” are visible; the goal is to get more interaction with customers.
  • Bounces – the number of people who didn’t get your email e.g. their email account could not be reached.
    • Action: To avoid bounces, make sure you collected the list of contacts yourself by having a sign up list on your site, or having them opt-in to receiving special offers from you once they make a purchase.
  • Unsubscribes - the number of people who removed their email from your list, using the subscription management link (email platform will always include this on emails sent through their system) at the bottom of the email.
    • Action: To avoid unsubscribes, make sure the information you are presenting to your customers is relevant to them. When initially creating your list, having subscribers opt-in would most likely decrease this too, since they’ve chosen to hear from you. Most likely if you added someone without their permission, they may not want to be bothered and unsubscribe. Also, maybe you’re sending too many emails? That can be annoying and cause someone to unsubscribe.
  • Forwards - the number of people who forward the email using “Forward to Friend” at the bottom of the email. The email platforms can (should) not capture data of people clicking the actual forward link in their email client.
    • Action: You’re doing something right if this is high, if your customers are forwarding to their friends! Keep it up!
  • Complaints – the number of times a contact reports your message as spam in their email clients.
    • Action: Similar to unsubscribes, to avoid complaints, make sure you are not spamming your customers, don’t send multiple emails a day and make sure you are sending information that is relevant to them. A great way to ensure people don’t unsubscribe is segmenting your contacts into lists of content that is relevant to them, this way they are only receiving content that they signed up for.

Now if you have been reading our blog and follow our Reporting Framework, you know that you should be trending your KPIs, and you could do that easily in Excel and come up with something like this:

email marketing metrics

WOW! What happened to our open rates and click-through’s in Feb!! We can see some issues, so now we can take action!

Post Click – Tracking in Google Analytics

Hopefully, you can tell this is all great information for the email blast itself, but what happens after your email subscribers clicked on the link in your email and landed on your website? This is where Google Analytics comes in.

The email platform will allow you to track the amount of clicks and opens for your blast. But what web analytics platforms such as Google Analytics will do, if you have it set up on your website and have properly tagged your emails, by connecting the two, you get insights on what happens after they’ve clicked the links in your email. See how engaged your email visitor is with your site.

Tagging and Segmentation

Adding a simple tag to the links on the email blast will allow you find out:

  • …if they convert
  • …fill out a form
  • …watch a video
  • …and much more.

This is obviously quite useful, especially if you have eCommerce set up in Google Analytics you can track revenue per email campaign.

In case you are not familiar with the concept of URL tagging, read our post about tracking online marketing campaigns with google analytics to learn more.

Tagging properly to segment your visitors in Google Analytics can be useful when trying to figure out what works best for particular audiences. For example, let’s say you’re having a sale and want to see if “20% off” would capture more attention than “Free Shipping”. The first thing would be to segment your list. Segmenting will allow you to send the same email blast to different sets of people or you can even send two different emails based on your audience to see which performs better. The first email will have a subject line of “20% off your purchase today!” and the second email will be “Buy now & get free shipping.”

Now that you’ve created two blasts, you can add utm tags. A utm tag allows you to make each link unique by adding fields that will appear in Google Analytics reports. To generate this unique link, use E-Nor’s URL builder or another awesome tool for tagging is Campaignalyzer.

When using the URL builder, there are three required fields:

  • Campaign Source is where your traffic is coming from. For example, if you paste the link on “Facebook”, and want to track the visits from there, you can use that as your source. In the case of email tagging, you can use it to identify your segment type. For example, use “leads” for a email blast to your leads list. You can use “prospects”, “customers”, “male”, “female”, etc.
  • Campaign Medium is a marketing medium, or in other words, the “channel” you are using. In this case, it should always be “email” when linking from an email blast.
  • Campaign Name as it says, names your campaign. For example, you can use “April Newsletter” when linking from an email blast for the monthly newsletter in April. You can use the month and year, or even more specifically use the actual day that you are sending it on. You can also use the name of the product you are promoting in the content. If you are sending out newsletters on a regular basis (daily, weekly, monthly, etc.), we would suggest using the date for the campaign name, because it will make things easier when you are looking at reports. Also, if you are testing to see what type of email is getting more conversions, then you will want to use the campaign name to differentiate the emails.

To learn more about url tagging, check out this post on planning before tag :)

Thus, if you use the following, your tagged url will look like below:

  • Url =
  • campaign source=leads
  • campaign medium=email
  • campaign name=april-fools-newsletter
  • Resulting tagged url:

Tip: Always test that your tagged urls appear in the browser and in Google Analytics! You never know what can happen…


Now that you’ve tagged your email, the data will be found under medium as email traffic for your deep dive analysis.

google analytics medium email

google analytics segmented by email list

You can also trend data over time and see if there are seasonal impacts to your user’s behavior. You can see how many people continued ‘shopping’ on your site and even if they ended up purchasing/converting or not. If you are doing A/B testing on which email to send out to all your customers, you can analyze between both sets of data and then make a decision about which offer resulted in more revenue or micro conversions.

Integrated Reporting

The above reports are all dandy, but we are still looking at metrics in isolation. Analysis and optimization is all about context. What if you like to view the entire experience in one report, you want to see the number of list subscribers, the open rate of a specific campaign and the associated revenue in one report? Sure, you could do it in Excel, but that’ll be a lot of work.

What we recommend is automatically pulling data out of Google Analytics into Tableau and then be ready for some serious slicing and dicing (for now, you still have to pull the email providers data from a csv file and into Tableau). Again, if you follow our articles, here we are featured on the Google blog explaining how to do that).

Here’s what you’ll see, a nice dashboard in Tableau showing key campaign metrics nicely trended for four email newsletters (NL_1, NL_2, NL_3, NL_4):

  • Opens
  • Clicks (of those Opens, how many clicked and visited  your site)
  • Number of transactions
  • Revenue generated
  • (you can also plot Open Rate, Subscriber/list Growth Rate, Time on Site, email visits from Mobile, etc.)

tableau email marketing aggregation

Analysis note: it’s obvious that the Newsletter 4 (NL_4 in red) just tanked in every aspect so address it immediately. It’s also worth noting that while the Newsletter 3 (NL_3 in green) had less transactions than the Newsletter 2 (NL_2 in orange), the revenue number for NL_3 is slightly higher. This indicates that your average order value is higher and whatever you did to upsell or promote higher ticket items worked!!

Advanced Tips

  • Mobile Analytics & Engagement
    • Don’t forget to assess your users mobile experience and expect that more people are using the mobile phones and tablet to access email, browse and shop. Go to your mobile reports and segment by “medium” and select the “ecommerce conversion rate” metric. You’ll quickly see that your mobile users convert at half the rate than your desktop users!! A quick “lost opportunity” analysis will convince your manager to invest into a responsive design for your site or maybe a mobile site.

      email marketing mobile conversion rate

  • Universal Analytics:
    • This will be the subject of a more detailed blog post, but since Universal Analytics is the future, start thinking of what metrics you want to pull into Universal Analytics from your email marketing efforts.  Passing a “user id” (ensure it’s don’t include personally identifying information) is a good start. Work with your email providers to pass the “user id” with the click/visit and then once once the visitor clicks the email link and they are on your site, grab the “user id” and store it in a Custom Dimension. You can then report and export your reports (with user ids) into your BI tool.
  • Filter out auto-respond emails, confirmation emails.
    • Scenario:  A user arrives at your site via an organic search.  The user performs some action which results in him receiving a system generated email containing a link back to the site (for example, an account activation email).  If the user clicks on the link to go back to the site, it’s very likely the medium of the original visit will be overwritten to Referral, particularly if the user is using a web-based email client.  (In the case of Microsoft Outlook, this would be considered a Direct visit, but the medium wouldn’t be overwritten since returning Direct visits don’t override the original medium.)  The “no override” parameter shown below prevents this problem from manifesting. The parameter utm_nooverride=1 can be added to all system generated e-mails, such as registration and password reminder e-mails. For example, a password reset link such as:
      Can be updated to
  • Attribution & Multi-Channel Funnels (MCF) for your email marketing program:
    • Keep in mind that we all browse many sites before we buy or submit a request for more information. And we are likely to revisit the same site many times before we do so. To see all these touchpoints and how your email channels contributes and assists conversions, make sure you review the MCF reports in in Google Analytics. Here is a snapshot at the Top Conversion Paths along with the number of conversions and conversion values for each path. It takes some of us 5 emails to convert!!

    email marketing mcf

Here you have it! Any other email marketing analytics tips you like to share?

Feb 15

Email Marketing Tips Part 1In case you missed part 1 and part 2 of this series, I discussed:

  • How and why you should segment your list
  • Quick tips on how to capture quality subscribers
  • Clean your contact list by optimizing your unsubscribe process
  • How to present information that will keep your subscribers engaged
  • And one of the most important tips – that spelling matters

In this post, I’m going to discuss avoiding “spam”-like subject lines, and how and when to assess the best time to send out your post.

Hook, Line, and High Open Rate!

9. Get creative with subject lines
Would you open an email with your own subject line? If you are selling a product or service, you will need to be creative in the way you communicate that in the subject line, sparking the readers interest, but without overselling it. Apple, for example, always has great subject lines that entice customers to open their emails (see image below).

apple email subjectline
“Overselling” or being too excited could otherwise lead your email into their spam folder and never be seen. Avoid using phrases, without qualifiers such as:

  • “FREE!”
  • “BUY NOW!”
  • You won!
  • Don’t delete
  • Earn $$
  • Free!!!

Using ALL CAPS & exclamation marks almost guarantees your email will get lost in spam. Subject lines should be brief but also provide incentive for the viewer to open the email. Apple’s subject line is so great because of its simplicity. Their main goal is to sell the new iPad and they make sure to include the product in the subject line without quick sell phrases.

Check, Check, Ready to Send

10. Time it correctly
Now that you’ve got the right content, audience and subject line – it’s time to send the email. What is the best time to send? After some research, E-Nor finds it best to send out email blasts on Tuesdays and Thursdays around 11am PST for our clients. According to MailChimp, Tuesday and Thursday are the highest volume days. MailChimp ( discovered that, “more people open email during the day than at night.” Below is MailChimp’s Email Opens by Time of Day Chart. According to the data, subscribers are more likely to open emails after 12pm, more specifically between 2-5pm (see chart below).

best time of day to email chart - mailchimp 2012
However, the real answer is it depends on the nature of your business. If your audience consists of working executives who check their email in the morning at their office, this might be a good time. However, if your audience consists of moms who check emails early in the morning before their munchkins wake up, you might have to adjust accordingly. The only way you will know though is to test, measure, and optimize. Send different types of emails over a few months and gauge what time gets the best open rate.

You may think that time and day doesn’t matter because the email is sent to the customer’s mailbox either way, but it makes a big difference whether a customer deletes the email or takes a few minutes to read it.


Following these tips will help you organize your emails & email lists. Most of them are pretty straightforward and in the long run will benefit your company’s open rate. Be sure to look out for more of our email marketing posts, including tips for email design, and measuring email marketing.

Feb 07

Email Marketing Tips Part 1In case you missed the previous post, I discussed

  • How and why you should segment your list
  • Quick tips on how to capture quality customers
  • Clean your contact list by optimizing your unsubscribe process

In this post, I’m going to discuss the actual content, and how to present information that will keep your subscribers engaged.

Let’s Talk Content

4. Respect your subscribers
Your list is now clean. Most of your subscribers have “opted in” – they chose to receive your emails. They already like what you’re offering, so make sure not to bombard them with millions of emails.

Also, when sending emails to your subscribers, make sure your content is beneficial to them and makes their subscription worthwhile.

5. Short & sweet
Be concise and don’t waste your reader’s time. Online readers tend to have a very short attention span so send only the most necessary information. Think of the emails & deals you get daily, do you read every single sentence written? Most likely not.

If your content is more than 2 paragraphs, link the additional content back to your site. Most likely readers skim the contents of their inbox. If something catches their eye, they will read more carefully. So best practice would be to ensure very important information is at the top of the newsletter. If the reader is interested in the content, they will click to your site and read more. To learn more about getting creative with your email subject lines, look out for part three of this series.

6. What can you provide for your subscribers?
Make sure to entice your audience with helpful tips or special offers. For example, every couple months give your clients a chance to win a product or 10% off of a service you provide. To benefit you, send out a short survey to ask your customers how you’re doing, and by doing this sign them up in a drawing for a chance to win something. This will keep your subscribers engaged and helps you in getting feedback from customers.

7. Keep an open conversation
It’s proven that having a conversation with your readers – rather than throwing information at them -makes you more approachable.

The easiest way to engage conversation is through social media. You can ask a question in the email that requires an answer via Facebook or highlight your social media as part of the email. But to get viewers to answer and connect with you via social media, you will have to give them an incentive to join the conversation. Use giveaways like a free iPad, discounts on products, and/or special offers such as two for one deals to sweeten their interest. These types of offers will get your users more engaged on email and social media.

Note: If you use social media, make sure to constantly ask questions and promote your products. And think about sending your readers a poll to gauge your performance!

8. Spelling matters
This is a big one. Make sure your spelling is correct. It’s such a simple tip, but it goes a long way. Having something misspelled on your site, let alone an email, can turn your reader away from respecting you as a viable resource.

Next Post: Part 3

Thanks for reading! Now that you’ve figured out what content to put in your email, it’s time to discuss subject lines & sending your email blast. Check back next week or subscribe to this blog for the next part of this post.

Jan 17

Email Marketing Tips Part 1As 2012 was coming to an end, a lot of our customers were interested in sending end-of-year email blasts. It got me thinking about all the email marketing our clients have done and how this has benefited them in different capacities. A year ago, I began trying different ways in approaching email marketing. As long as it’s been around, you may be thinking, “are there really new ideas and tips for email marketing”? Simply put, yes, there really are. Whether it is segmenting customer lists or choosing the right subject line, I’ve found that simply adding the voice of the customer into your email blasts will benefit marketers that much more.

When creating an email blast, as a marketer, you easily remember what’s important to you (conversion, buying your product, signing up for your service, etc) but often you overlook the most obvious thing – what’s important to your audience. When an email encompasses what’s important to both you and your audience it produces the best conversion rate.

As a marketer, obviously your goal is to “sell”. However, the email reader isn’t concerned about YOUR goal – they’re concerned about theirs: “Am I getting a good deal or discount?” “Is this email relevant to me?” “Is it providing relevant and interesting information?” Readers are more likely to open an email if it’s relevant to them, which actually translates into a higher conversion rate for you.

Here are proven tips to best structure – and reap the rewards of – your email campaigns:

Who should I send my emails to?

1. Segment Your List
Customers are more likely to open an email that aligns with their interests. As a marketer, segment campaign/email lists based on people’s backgrounds e.g. their shopping history. As people sign up for your newsletter, separate them into lists by leads, customers, purchase activity, interest, demography or even geography. When it’s time to send emails, all you have to do is find the specific list you want to target and send (most online email marketing services allow you to easily do this). For example, I want to target women in New York. By segmenting my lists, I can filter for and target women that live in New York. Segmenting lists and sending emails to the appropriate demographic will prevent a high unsubscribing rate.

Figure 1 (Image Courtesy of According to HubSpot’s Blog Post about segmenting lists, “39% of marketers who segmented their email lists experienced higher open rates, 28% experienced lower unsubscribe rates, and 24% experienced better deliverability and greater revenue.“

2. Quality is better than Quantity
Many marketers think in terms of quantity but when it comes to sending emails, quality customers are key. It’s better to attract customers organically, rather than buying lists.

  • Have a subscribe form on your site, preferably on the home page or somewhere consistent on every page such as the header, footer, or sidebar.
  • Add a subscribe form on your social networks if they allow tabs.
  • Have a subscribe option on your checkout page when customers fill in their billing information, or even better, when they register to be a user.

3. Clean your contact list
When readers are searching the web, and find something they are interested in, the natural thing is to sign up for the email list. But what gets people to unsubscribe from that email list is that they’re receiving far too many and/or irrelevant emails. This is why tip #1 is very important. Segmenting your list allows you to send different types of emails to different types of viewers. Obviously trying to make sure every email caters to all your customers is virtually impossible but what you can do is optimize your unsubscribe process. When customers click unsubscribe, give them the option to unsubscribe to less frequent emails or only unsubscribe from a certain type of email that you send out, rather than unsubscribing completely. Ironically, by following this process you will find that your customers are happy because they’re only receiving information that they find relevant to them, and your list will be clean, thus proving to have a less unsubscribe rate overtime.

Next Post: Part 2

Thanks for reading! Now that you’ve figured out your contact list, it’s time to tackle the content of your email. Check back next week or subscribe to this blog for the next part of this post about content and how you can best serve your contacts with information that they actually want to read.